The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity. The SDGs are build on the principles agreed upon in Resolution, entitled “The Future We Want”. This was a non-binding document released as a result of Rio+20 Conference held in 2012.
On 25 September 2015, the 193 countries of the UN General Assembly adopted the 2030 Development Agenda titled “Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”. Since January 2016, these SDGs are guiding the UN, associated agencies, International partners and countries in policy formulation, funding and implementing the multisectoral developmental work to continue by the year 2030. This agenda has outlined 17 Sustainable Development Goals and the associated 169 targets. Each target has 1-3 indicators used to measure progress toward reaching the targets. In total, there are 304 indicators that will measure compliance.
These SDGs are build on the successes of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), while including new areas such as climate change, economic inequality, innovation, sustainable consumption, peace and justice, among other priorities. Unlike the MDGs, the SDGs framework does not distinguish between “developed” and “developing” nations. Instead, the goals apply to all countries.
The SDGs work in the spirit of partnership and pragmatism to make the right choices now to improve life, in a sustainable way, for future generations. They provide clear guidelines and targets for all countries to adopt in accordance with their own priorities and the environmental challenges of the world at large. The SDGs are an inclusive agenda. They tackle the root causes of poverty and unite us together to make a positive change for both people and planet.
(Ref: UNDP and other sources)